Crowd Behavior, Crowd Control, and the use of Non-lethal Weapons

CHEMTRAIL TECH: Who to file FOIA, cease & desist, and possible court injunctions.

ADDRESSES: Written comments and recommendations on the proposed information collection should be sent to Air Force Research Laboratory, Human Effectiveness Directorate Directed Energy Bioeffects Division Radio Frequency Radiation Branch, AFRL/HEDR, 8303 Hawks Road, Bldg. 1162, Brooks City-Base, TX 78235.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: To request more information on this proposed information collection or to obtain a copy of the proposed and associated collection instruments, please write to above address, or call 1st Lt. Keith White of the Air Force Research Laboratory, HEDR at 210-536-5959.

Title and OMB Number: Control

Force Experiences with Crowds Data

Collection; OMB Number 0701-TBD.

Needs and Uses: The Air Force Research Laboratory Human

Effectiveness Directorate (AFRL/HEDR), under the funding of the Joint Non-Lethal Weapons Directorate (JNLWD), is conducting crowd behavior research. The AFRL/HEDR is currently working to collect and assess crowd behavior data in an effort to supply a predictive model of crowd behavior for the assessment and implementation of various Non-Lethal Weapons platforms. This research has, in part, been recommended from Penn State University's Applied Research Laboratory Human Effects Advisory Panel (HEAP). Specifically, the HEAP report entitled "Crowd Behavior, Crowd Control, and the use of Non-lethal Weapons'' offers a crowd behavior research plan that is guided by a need to discover the underlying factors of crowd behavior (Kenny, Farrer, Heal, Ijames, McPhail, Odenthal, Taylor & Waddington, 2001). The AFRL/HEDR crowd behavior research team has acknowledged the value of control force members' experiences in the validation of invalidation of the crowd behavior variables currently under investigation and the research proposed in this protocol is expected to yield a true account of control force members' crowd management experiences. Any information control force members can provide about their experiences managing crowds is instrumental in the development of the aforementioned predictive model of crowd behavior. This model will eventually contribute to a training module that warfighters will utilize to refine their crowd management skills for future missions.

Affected Public: The affected public will be United States military servicemen who have acquired direct experience with crowds outside the continental U.S. and U.S. civilian law enforcement officers from specified metropolitan areas.

Annual Burden Hours: 100-200 hours.
Number of Respondents: 200, personally interviewed or administered a paper survey.
Responses per Respondent: Either one interview or survey administration.
Average Burden per Response: 30 minutes-1 hour.
Frequency: One-time.
Summary of Information Collection
The data collection procedures proposed in this protocol will consist of dyadic interviews and survey administration. Two hundred adult volunteer participant (n = 200) will be recruited from among civilian law enforcement agencies and military personnel who have recently experienced crowd management situations while on deployment.
Interview participants will meet individually with one researcher. Survey participants will complete the questionnaire as administered by available investigators or their respective superior officer(s). The research will be conducted at military installations that serve as crowd management training centers and police departments throughout the U.S. that implement crowd tactics, training, and procedures. Interview transcripts and written survey responses will be sorted and coded according to the content of the responses. This coding process is intended to reveal which features of a crowd situation control forces consistently identify as significant to effective crowd management.

Dated: April 18, 2005.

Patricia L. Toppings,
Alternate OSD Federal Register Liaison Officer, Department of Defense.
[FR Doc. 05-8149 Filed 4-22-05; 8:45 am]
Non-Lethal Weapons Directorate

Air Force Research Laboratory,
Human Effectiveness Directorate Directed Energy Bioeffects Division
Radio Frequency Radiation Branch
[Federal Register: May 16, 2005 (Volume 70, Number 93)]
[Page 28029-28061]
>From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]

[[Page 28029]]


Department of Defense

Office of the Secretary

Base Closures and Realignments (BRAC); Notice

[[Page 28030]]

Recommendation: Close Brooks City Base, San Antonio, TX. Relocate
the Air Force Audit Agency and 341st Recruiting Squadron to Randolph AFB. Relocate the United States Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine, the Air Force Institute of Occupational Health, the Naval Health Research Center Electro-Magnetic Energy Detachment, the Human Systems Development and Acquisition function, and the Human Effectiveness Directorate of the Air Force Research Laboratory to Wright Patterson Air Force Base, OH. Consolidate the Human Effectiveness Directorate with the Air Force Research Laboratory, Human Effectiveness Directorate at Wright Patterson Air Force Base, OH. Relocate the Air Force Center for Environmental Excellence, the Air Force Medical Support Agency, Air Force Medical Operations Agency, Air Force Element Medical Defense Agency, Air Force Element Medical-DoD, Air Force-Wide Support Element, 710th Information Operations Flight and the 68th Information Operations Squadron to Lackland Air Force Base, TX. Relocate the Army Medical Research Detachment to the Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, TX. Relocate the Non-Medical Chemical Biological Defense Development and Acquisition to Edgewood Chemical Biological Center, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD. Disestablish any remaining organizations. Realign Holloman AFB by disestablishing the high-onset gravitational force centrifuge and relocating the physiological training unit (49 ADOS/SGGT) to Wright-Patterson AFB.

Informant: billder


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