4
Jun
2006

Handy-Verbot in Stockholms U-Bahn

Wer in Stockholm die U-Bahn oder den Bus nimmt, muss sich demnächst auf Klingelton-freie Zeiten gefasst machen. Denn zum 21. August sollen im Nahverkehrssystem "Stockholm Lokaltrafik" der schwedischen Hauptstadt "Nicht-Mobil-Zonen" in Bussen, U-Bahnen, S-Bahnen und den Regionalbahnen eingeführt werden.

Die Nahverkehrsdirektion der schwedischen Metropole entschied, je nach Möglichkeit zwischen 15 und 30 Prozent aller Plätze in den Transportmitteln mit dem Verbot zu belegen. Die Kosten für die aufwendige Beschilderung werden auf über 60.000 Euro geschätzt. Allerdings sollen Verstöße gegen das Handy-Verbot - zumindest in der Anfangsphase - nicht rechtlich verfolgt werden. Dementsprechend sind vorerst auch noch keine Kontrolleure dafür vorgesehen.

Elektrizitätsüberempfindlichkeit bei zahlreichen Reisenden wurde als Grund für das kommende Verbot angeführt, zudem störe das ständige Gebimmel und Gerede auch die übrigen Fahrgäste. Gegen diese Argumentation regt sich jedoch auch zahlreichen Widerstand, denn die Schweden telefonieren oft und lange mit ihren Mobiltelefonen.

Bei einer Reise in die skandinavische Stadt gilt es also demnächst genau aufzupassen, wo man sein Handy einschaltet und telefoniert, sonst könnte man noch mehr genervte Blicke ernten als sonst.

http://www.handytarife.de/index.php?id=0,429,0,0,1,0

Radio interviews, (Olle Johansson, Magda Havas, etc.) TV interviews etc.

http://www.buergerwelle.de/pdf/radio_interviews_tv_interviews_etc.htm

Stockholm puts ban on cell phones

Hi all.

Revolutionary news from Sweden “Stockholm puts ban on cell phones”

http://www.politicalgateway.com/news/read/16784


Regards.

Agnes


Stockholm puts ban on cell phones

STOCKHOLM, Sweden, June 2 (UPI) -- Stockholm transit officials are designating special cell phone zones because of complaints about electromagnetic fields and loud, one-sided conversations.

Beginning in August, commuters caught using phones outside the specific areas risk fines, The Times of London reported Friday.

The designated areas replace an all-out ban that came as a shock -- cell phone-maker Ericsson is headquartered in Sweden, and many Swedes do not even bother installing landlines in their homes.

Politicians introduced the ban, bowing to complaints about hypersentivity to electromagnetic fields and complaints about loud conversations.

Supporters of the ban have high hopes it will become national, but others say it is a violation of their rights.

"I cannot turn off my mobile phone when going on the metro for 20 minutes," Pia Thurfjell told the Times. "I need to answer if my kids call from school."

"It is immoral to introduce a ban that lacks popular support and pathetic to ban mobile phones in trains composed almost entirely of electric cables," said Maria Wallhager, for the opposition Liberals.

Copyright Political Gateway 2006© Copyright United Press International 2006

http://www.politicalgateway.com/news/read/16784

--------

Hi all.

More good news from Sweden. You have to really feel pity for the "poor" commuters who will be "Off The Air" while traveling, they really feel victimized!

I notice that a lot of Swedes do not bother with having a landline, only mobiles, could the reason be that the MASTS for their mobiles are radiating down someone else´s house, and not their own?

Best regards.

Agnes.



-----Original Message-----
Sent: 04 June 2006 20:00
Subject: Times Sweden

The Times (London)

June 2, 2006, Friday

Mobile phones to be silenced by new law
BYLINE: Marcus Oscarsson and Anthony Browne
SECTION: OVERSEAS NEWS;
Pg. 46 LENGTH: 219 words

Stockholm is to curtail the use of mobile phones on public transport. The Swedish capital's socialist council, siding with those who insist that the phones are a social nuisance and a health risk, has created designated areas in buses, trains and trams where they may be used.

From August commuters caught using their phones outside the areas risk a fine.

The ban, the first in Europe, has come as a shock in Sweden, home of the mobile manufacturer Ericsson. Many Swedes have more than one handset and do not bother installing landlines in their homes.

The ruling Social Democrat Party in Stockholm and the Green Party said that some passengers were hypersensitive to electromagnetic fields. Others were annoyed by people shouting into phones.

Supporters of the ban hope that it will be extended nationwide but others believe it is an infringement of their liberties.

"I cannot turn off my mobile phone when going on the metro for 20 minutes," Pia Thurfjell said. "I need to answer if my kids call from school."

Fredrik Olandersson, another traveller, said: "What shall I do if all the mobile phone permit seats are taken?"

Maria Wallhager, for the opposition Liberals, said: "It is immoral to introduce a ban that lacks popular support and pathetic to ban mobile phones in trains composed almost entirely of electric cables."

Copyright 2006 Times Newspapers Limited All Rights Reserved

Sensation of Hearing in Electromagnetic Fields

Clyde E Ingalls

Ithaca, New York

From the Cornell University, School of Electrical Engineering and Cornell Aeronautical Laboratory, Inc.

A series of experiments is described in which radar transmitters operating at 1,3, and 10 kilovolt megacycles per sec were "heard". Apparently, the process of hearing did not involve the ear, but included only the brain and nervous system in the vicinity of the brain.

The effect takes place at energy levels that are considered safe for exposure all day. The effect is suggested as a means of aiding in the location of hearing difficulties in persons. It is also discussed in connection with reports of the hearing of meteors and auroras.

Hearing radar

An interest in problems connected with re-entry bodies in the atmosphere led to an interest in reports of "hearing" meteors and auroras. The hearing of meteors was supposedly under conditions requiring sound to travel at a velocity far exceeding the velocity of sound in air at 343 M per second, probably approaching the velocity of electromagnetic wave propagation. At this time there was a report of someone hearing a radar at an installation in Turkey. On investigation, this proved to be true.

A like radar was found in the United States and a meter secured for field strength measurements to avoid overexposure and possible damage to the eyes, brain, or other parts of the body. Although there was considerable ambient noise, the radar could be heard by a person who immersed himself in the edge of the beam, the center of the beam being strong enough to be hazardous. The sound was something like that of a bee buzzing on a window, but with, perhaps, more high frequencies.

Possibility of the effect being noise by sound waves from the radar was eliminated by placing a large (about 3 by 3 foot) square of window screening between the observer and the radar, close to the observer. With the screen shield in place, the radar sound disappeared. A hole was cut in the screening, large enough to put the ear through. When the ear was put through the hole, there still was no sound. The only part of the body which allowed the observer to hear the radar was a place on the head above the forehead.

From this, it appears that the electromagnetic wave effects the nervous system at the brain directly and does not use the normal auditory channels. No disturbance in the visual senses was found, although a search was made. Possibly the like visual senses are shielded more by the head.

The sound seemed to come from about a meter or two above the head. This varied somewhat with individuals. Placing the fingers to cut out ambient sound made the source seem to come down to the very top of the head. This is the same spot on the head at which the source seems to be when two well-separated loud-speakers with identical excitation are used and the observer is located at equal distances from the two speakers and facing them, Placing the fingers in the ears in reasonable ambient noise does not seem greatly to affect the threshold value at which the radar is heard.

Persons with defective hearing were taken to the radar location. Some of them could hear the radar and some could not. It seemed to depend on the type of hearing loss and the frequencies involved. All who could hear high frequencies could hear the radar. A person who, apparently, had normal hearing, could not hear the radar. By taking an audiogram, he was found to have deficient hearing above 1,500 Hertz, seriously so above 3,000 Hertz per second.

Other radars were used, and it was found that it was possible to "hear" radars at approximately 1, 3, and 10 giga Hertz. Measurements of the threshold of "hearing" of the radars at 1 giga Hz showed the free field strength to be 0.3 milliwatts per square centimetre at a peek voltage gradient of 12 volts per centimetre. At 3 giga Hz, the corresponding threshold values were 0.18 milliwatts per square centimetre and 18 volts per centimetre. No measurements were made at 10 giga Hz.

The apparent lack of correlation of watts and volts is due to differing pulse lengths and repetition rates. The effect is seen to cover a very broad radio-frequency band.

An electrostatic field was produced between two plates and the head placed between them in various positions. Even much higher than the threshold values mentioned failed to produce effects which could be attributed to other than normal aural paths from 20 to 20,000 Hz.

Bracing the plates essentially eliminated their vibration, but the skin on the face could be heard to vibrate. No coil was available to produce magnetic fields when the coil itself did not make too much noise for proper discernment. It appears that tests must be made at modulated inaudible frequencies.

It appears that the "hearing" of electromagnetic waves is a very broad band audio-frequency effect, that is, the audio frequencies which are "heard" from a pulsed radar seem to extend to a higher frequency that can be heard normally from a noise source and a loud speaker. Experiments in matching the sound from a radar indicated that a noise source should be used for best matching, but the sound from the noise source still seemed to lack something in the high frequency region.

If the effect does indeed bypass the ear, it would seem that the effect should be valuable in determining where certain hearing defects occure physically. The possibility exists of modulating a device, such as a radar, to sample audio intelligence and communicate with an individual with defective hearing. It appears that pulse operation is necessary to have low average but high peak power. A disadvantage is that the range of power between the threshold of "hearing" radar and the level at which bodily harm can occur, with prolonged exposure, is not as great as would be desirable. The threshold of "hearing" occurs at 200 to 300 microwatts per square centimetre, and the "safe" level for working all day in radar fields is about 10 milliwatts per square centimetre, using probably at least a 10 to 1 safety factor; that is, the level of bodily damage is probably somewhat above 100 milliwatts per square centimetre.

Sommer and Von Gierke have done a great deal of work with electric fields, showing that the skin on the head can be vibrated by an electric field and that the sound reaches the ear by bone conduction. Likewise, the eardrum can be vibrated directly by an electric field. They infer that the "hearing" which occurs in radar beams is caused by the pressure exerted by the electromagnetic wave, that is, twice the power density divided by the velocity being the maximum pressure when the reflection from the head is complete.

However, they have done no work with electromagnetic waves and so can only speculate.

It is very difficult to use electrical instruments for measurements of nerves to determine what is occurring within the head, since the measuring instruments are affected directly by the electromagnetic waves.

It appears that indirect methods will be needed to determine the exact method by which "hearing" of electromagnetic waves takes place.

Certain evidence points to the fact that the effect is not due to either air or bone conduction. First, the best sensitivity of the ear, according to Sommer and Von Gierke, is to air conduction, by two orders of magnitude. The maximum peak pressure during a radio frequency cycle of a radar, even with 100 per cent reflection, is about equal to the sensitivity of the ear to the root mean square pressure of a continuous sine wave at 1000 cycles per second. The average pressure of the radar wave at the threshold of "hearing" is roughly three orders of magnitude less than the average pressure of a sine wave in air at the threshold of hearing air waves. This results from the low duty cycle of the radar wave.

Second, the location of the most sensitive area for "hearing" radar is remote from the ears, on top of the head. Third, the subjective frequency spectrum seems to include higher frequencies for radar "hearing" than for normal hearing of air waves. Forth, the direction from which sound seems to come does not change as the head is turned about in the radar field.

From these considerations, it appears that neither air conduction nor bone conduction gives a satisfactory explanation of the "hearing" of radar waves. A direct involvement of the nervous system appears to furnish a more satisfactory explanation or at least a more fruitful avenue of investigation. However, much more work is needed to determine either the mechanism by which the phenomenon takes place or its practical use.

Conclusion

The "hearing" of electromagnetic waves is an established fact. It appears that this takes place by direct stimulation of the nervous system, perhaps in the brain, thus bypassing the ear and much of the associated hearing system. It is a possible, perhaps the most probable, explanation of the reports of hearing meteors and auroras. It is also a possible tool in the investigation and treatment of problems in hearing.

Much more work in this field is needed.

http://homepages.tesco.net/~John.Dawes2/ingalls.htm


Informant: M. Norman

--------

Human auditory system response to modulated electromagnetic energy.

ALLAN H Frey

http://homepages.tesco.net/~John.Dawes2/frey.htm

Legal warning over phone mast decisions

http://freepage.twoday.net/stories/2115011/
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